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Azerbaijan: immediately release reporter and human rights defender Elchin Mammad

Wednesday 6 May 2020 - 5:51pm

Elchin Mammad | Credit: Mammad's Facebook page


6 May 2020

RAN 02/2020

PEN International is highly concerned about the arrest and continued detention of reporter, lawyer and human rights defender Elchin Mammad. On 30 March 2020, a few days after Mammad published a critical report on the human rights situation in Azerbaijan, police arrested him at his home, claiming to have found stolen jewellery in his office. The next day, Sumgait City Court remanded Mammad in custody for three months as a criminal suspect. PEN International believes his arrest and detention to be politically motivated.

‘Mammad has been the subject of harassment and intimidation by the authorities for his work since 2015. PEN International fears that he is again being persecuted for his critical reporting and human rights activities and calls for his immediate and unconditional release,’ said Carles Torner, Executive Director of PEN International.

TAKE ACTION: Please send appeals:

  • Urging the Azerbaijani authorities to immediately and unconditionally release Elchin Mammad;
  • Calling on the Azerbaijani authorities to end the abuse of the legal system to persecute journalists, human rights defenders and other dissident voices, and to immediately release all those held in prison for having exercised their rights to freedom of opinion and expression.

Send appeals to:

President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev

19 Istiqlaliyyat Street, Baku AZ1066, Azerbaijan


Send copies to the Embassy of Azerbaijan in your own country. Embassy addresses may be found here:

Please also call on your Ministry of Foreign Affairs and diplomatic representatives in Azerbaijan to raise Elchin Mammad’s case in bilateral and multilateral fora.

*** Please send appeals immediately. Check with PEN International if sending appeals after 20 May 2020 ***

Please inform PEN International of any action you take and of any responses you receive. PEN members are also encouraged to share information about Elchin Mammad and campaigning activities via social media.


Elchin Mammad is the founder and editor-in-chief of the Yukselish Namine newspaper, which supports the activities of civil society organisations in Azerbaijan and publishes articles on human rights, freedom of speech and of the press, as well as information about citizens’ access to information, among other topics. Currently, it is published online only. Prior to his work for Yukselish Namine, Mammad worked as editor and correspondent for other newspapers.

In addition to his journalistic activities, Mammad is a human rights lawyer and the president of the Social Union of Legal Education of Sumgait Youth (SULESY), an organisation that provides free legal assistance to low income families and legal support for local NGOs, and undertakes legal capacity-building activities for civil society actors.

Mammad has faced harassment and intimidation by the authorities since 2015. He has repeatedly been under judicial or law enforcement investigation involving several alleged crimes. In this context, Mammad has been interrogated and has had his house and office searched on multiple occasions.

The persecution by the Azerbaijani authorities of Mammad fits a pattern in which critical voices are targeted with politically motivated arrests on spurious charges, extended pre-trial detention and custodial sentences. Prison conditions in Azerbaijan are very poor, a situation that is likely exacerbated by the measures taken in the context of fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. Media in the country are under tight government control, and the majority of independent outlets have been forced to close or go into exile. Those still operating face police raids, financial pressures and prosecution of journalists and editors on trumped up charges.

The crackdown on dissent appears to have intensified recently, with the Coronavirus outbreak being used as an excuse to threaten opposition voices. On 19 March 2020, in his yearly address to the nation to mark the Novruz Bayrami holiday, President Aliyev promised “new rules” for the duration of the pandemic, threatening to clear the country of “traitors” and to “isolate the fifth column”.

For further details contact Laurens Hueting at PEN International, e-mail: