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Brazil: PEN Centres urge Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt to act on case of Jo Clifford

Wednesday 12 September 2018 - 12:01am

Jo Clifford during a performance of The Gospel According to Jesus, Queen of Heaven in Manchester in 2016

PEN centres based in the UK urge the Foreign Secretary to call on the Brazilian government to ensure Jo Clifford’s play can be performed in Brazil free from threats of violence and censorship.

Scottish PEN, PEN International, English PEN and Wales PEN Cymru, alongside the chairs of PEN International’s Writers In Prison and Women Writers Committees have co-signed a letter to Jeremy Hunt asking him to call on the Brazilian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Aloysio Nunes Ferreira Filho to ensure that the play, The Gospel According to Jesus, Queen of Heaven written by leading Scottish playwright, Jo Clifford can continue to be performed in Brazil free from threats of censorship and violence.

Jo Clifford is a leading playwright and Scottish PEN member based in Scotland. Her adaptation of Great Expectations made her the first openly trans playwright to have a play running in London's West End. Her work has bravely challenged established assumptions and reimagined known stories to celebrate often ignored narratives and help dream a new world into being. The Gospel According to Jesus, Queen of Heaven is a piece written in 2009 that tells the story of a transgender Jesus Christ. On the play’s launch, Jo said: "Christianity is often used as a weapon against LGBT people to deny us our rights. I wanted to see how this could be justified by the source texts, and in Jesus, Queen of Heaven make the simple point that Jesus never attacked us and assert our human rights to justice and respect."

Over the past two years, the play has been performed over 140 times in cities across Brazil, where it has faced unprecedented opposition from both the Evangelical and Catholic Church who undertook legal proceedings against the play in Jundiaí, Porto Alegre, Belo Horizonte, Salvador and Garanhuns, including court orders for the play to be cancelled, which were successful in Jundiaí. In other locations including Londrina, Taubaté, Rio de Janeiro, Araçatuba and Brasilia, a concerted campaign against the play involved public calls for boycotts, threats made against companies involved in the production and the spreading of malicious reports via social media. Further to this, the play's director has received death threats for their involvement in this play and a number of films have been shared online that included death threats aimed at the cast. This is taking place against the backdrop of widespread killings of transgender people in Brazil, with more than 170 killed last year and over 95 killings in 2018 so far.

The letter calls on Jeremy Hunt, as the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, to undertake formal proceedings to engage with the Brazilian government to ensure the performances of The Gospel According to Jesus, Queen of Heaven can continue free from the threats of censorship and violence. This includes ensuring the remaining performances are able to run as scheduled and everyone involved in the production, including cast and crew are safe from any and all threats of violence.

The signatories include: Jennifer Clement, the president of PEN International; Carl MacDougall, the president of Scottish PEN; Philippe Sands, the president of English PEN; Sally Baker, the director of Wales PEN Cymru; Antonia Byatt, the director of English PEN; Salil Tripathi, the international chair of the Writers In Prison Committee; Jane Archer, the chair of Scottish PEN’s Writers At Risk Committee; Elizabeth Nordgren, the international chair of the Women Writers Committee and Elizabeth Reeder, the chair of the Scottish PEN’s Women Writers Committee.

Jo Clifford: "The Gospel According to Jesus Queen Of Heaven is a devotional play whose intention is to remind audiences that the Jesus of the Gospels has a message of love and inclusion for everybody. It is both ironic and sad that so often prejudice results in the play being attacked as being disrespectful to Christianity, when it is nothing of the kind. It concerns me greatly to find it the object of such sustained attack and to find the theatre company performing it the objects of vicious and repeated threats. I hope a way can be found to respect the constitution of Brazil - which states Brazil is a secular country and guarantees freedom of expression - and allow the play to be performed without threats or interference."

On the letter, Scottish PEN says: On behalf of Scottish PEN and its subcommittees, the Women Writers and Writers At Risk Committees, we call on Jeremy Hunt to use the powers of his office to ensure Jo Clifford’s powerful and necessary piece of work can continue to be performed in Brazil, free from the threats of violence and censorship. UK and Brazilian law protects the right to free expression and it is vital that we take an active role in ensuring everyone is able to realise this right and express themselves freely, both in the UK and around the world. As violence against trans people is increasing across Brazil, it is important that work like The Gospel According to Jesus, Queen of Heaven is accessible to everyone to build understanding, undermine ignorance and counter violence.

PEN International president, Jennifer Clement: “PEN International stands with Jo Clifford. Our PEN Charter states clearly that we do our utmost to dispel all hatreds and to champion the ideal of one humanity living in peace and equality in one world.”


Media Request

Jo Clifford is available for interviews or follow ups related to this story and Nik Williams, the project manager at Scottish PEN can facilitate communication. Please contact him on or 07955370992.

Scottish PEN

Scottish PEN is the Scottish Centre of PEN International and was founded in 1927 as a not-for-profit organisation that champions freedom of speech and literature across borders. Scottish PEN campaigns on behalf of writers and readers both at home and abroad, ensuring writers can fully express themselves free from the threats of violence, censorship, intimidation and interference. We have vocally opposed the silencing of writers across the world and have campaigned on behalf of writers including Raif Badawi, Anna Politkovskaya, Liu Xiaobo, Ragip Zarakolu and Lydia Cacho, as well as leading campaigns in Scotland to reform defamation law, oppose pervasive surveillance and champion Scottish writing in all its languages.

Scottish PEN is a registered Scottish Charity with the charity number SC008772. Scottish PEN is a SCIO (Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisation).

PEN International

PEN International promotes literature and freedom of expression and is governed by the PEN Charter and the principles it embodies: unhampered transmission of thought within each nation and between all nations. Founded in London in 1921, PEN International – PEN’s Secretariat – connects an international community of writers. It is a forum where writers meet freely to discuss their work; it is also a voice speaking out for writers silenced in their own countries. Through Centres in over 100 countries, PEN operates on five continents. PEN International is a non-political organisation which holds Special Consultative Status at the UN and Associate Status at UNESCO. PEN International is a registered charity in England and Wales with registration number 1117088

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